Instructions

Required Resources
Read/review the following resources for this activity:

  • Textbook: Chapter 12, 14
  • Lesson

Instructions
The checkpoint quizzes are short assessments that will check your understanding of the terms and concepts from the reading.

Time limit: none
Attempts: 1

Grading
This quiz will be graded based on correctness of response.

Course Outcomes (CO): 3, 4

Due Date: By 11:59 p.m. MT on Sunday

Attempt History

Attempt Time Score
LATEST Attempt 1 536 minutes 100 out of 100
Score for this attempt: 90 out of 100
Submitted Apr 9 at 3:02pm
This attempt took 536 minutes.

Question 1

/ 4 pts
What are the three fundamental reasoning strategies listed in the text?

Your Answer:

Question 2

/ 6 pts
What is comparative reasoning? On what skill is it based?

Your Answer

Question 3

20 / 20 pts
We learned four tests for evaluating arguments: truthfulness of the premises, logical strength, relevance, and non-circularity. How well do these tests work with respect to evaluating comparative reasoning? Consider each of the four tests.

Your Answer:

Question 4

10 / 10 pts

Briefly explain how we can determine if one comparison is more comprehensive than another.

Your Answer:

Question 5

10 / 10 pts
According to the text, the basic question to ask when evaluating a comparison between two objects or ideas or events is “Are they alike enough in the important ways or not?” (p. 248). What are those “important ways” that determine the credibility of conclusions based on similarities?

Your Answer:

Question 6

/ 2 pts
In your own words, define empirical reasoning.

Your Answer:

Question 7

/ 2 pts
What are the three defining characteristics of empirical reasoning?

Your Answer:

Question 8

/ 2 pts
What is meant by “the null hypothesis”?

Your Answer:

Question 9

/ 2 pts
What is the purpose of empirical reasoning?

Your Answer:

Question 10

/ 2 pts
How do we evaluate empirical reasoning?

Your Answer:

Question 11

10 / 10 pts
What part of a research study addresses the test for logical strength, and how is it addressed?

Your Answer:

Question 12

10 / 10 pts
Briefly explain the process of peer review.  What is the process of peer review designed to do?

Your Answer

Question 13

10/ 10 pts
The authors of our text state: “We have 40 years of data across multiple studies that confirm the positive correlation between taking a course in critical thinking and improvements in the students’ pretest to post-test critical thinking skills scores. It would be a mistake, therefore, all things being equal, to say that growth in critical thinking and taking a course in critical thinking are unrelated” (p. 290). The null hypothesis is false. Does that mean, therefore, that taking a critical thinking course causes students to become more skilled at critical thinking and more motivated to use those skills? Explain your answer.

Your Answer:

Question 14

10 / 10 pts
If reasoning is empirical, contains statistics, and appears in print, should we take for granted that it has passed the four tests of truthfulness of the premises, logical strength, relevance, and non-circularity?  Explain your answer.

Your Answer:

Quiz Score: 100 out of 100

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